Of all the fights that took place on the water, by far, the most famous and perhaps most important was the Battle of Hampton Roads. Convinced that Virginia was quitting, with orders only to protect Minnesota and not to risk his ship unnecessarily, Greene did not pursue. McGolrick Park Monuments – Monitor Memorial : NYC Parks", By Sea and by River: The Naval History of the Civil War, Divided Waters: The Naval History of the Civil War, Reign of Iron: The Story of the First Battling Ironclads, the Monitor and the Merrimack, Lifeline of the Confederacy: Blockade Running During the Civil War, Newspaper coverage of the Battle of Hampton Roads, List of Union Civil War monuments and memorials, List of memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic, List of Confederate monuments and memorials, Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials. Ericsson's Monitor, which was built at Ericsson's yard on the East River in Greenpoint, Brooklyn, incorporated new and striking design features, the most significant of which were her armor and armament. "J Parker was looking back from 1883, a vantage point of twenty years on the battle and the war, and he might have been After repairs, she returned and rejoined the others. She was originally a screw frigate in the United States Navy carrying the name USS Merrimack. The blockade was maintained, even strengthened, and Virginia was bottled up in Hampton Roads. At the time the vessels were locked, one of Cumberland's anchors was hanging directly above the foredeck of Virginia. Despite the late start and the novelty of construction, Monitor was actually completed a few days before her counterpart Virginia, but the Confederates activated Virginia first.  Without firing a shot, the advocates of secession had gained for the South its largest navy yard, as well as the hull and engines of what would be in time its most famous warship. When Mallory's men searched the South for factories that could build engines to drive the heavy ships that he wanted, they found no place to do it immediately. On March 9, 1862, one of the most famous naval battles in American history occurred as two ironclads, the U.S.S.Monitor and the C.S.S. Browning, Joseph B. Carr, "Operations of 1861 about Fort Monroe,", Contemplation of armor was not confined to Europe. Virginia broke free, however, her ram breaking off as she backed away. The Confederates tried to break the blockade in Virginia in this battle, but was not able to do so. In New York City, where the designer of the Monitor, John Ericsson, died in March 1889, a statue was commissioned by the state to commemorate the battle between the Ironclads. Merrimack Rechristened the C.S.S. Still, this was a historic battle because it marked the first time two ironclad ships fought against each other. In part, this was because each was handicapped in her offensive capabilities.  As no one else could see to command the ship, Monitor was forced to draw off. The reason that. Welles assured his colleagues that they were safe as the ship could not traverse the Potomac River. These had been outfitted with rams and some iron plating. The victory claims that were made by each side in the immediate aftermath of the Battle of Hampton Roads, based as both were on misinterpretations of the opponent's behavior, have been dismissed by present-day historians.They agree that the result of the Monitor–Merrimack encounter was victory for neither. Great Britain followed a year later with HMS Warrior, the world's first armor-plated iron-hulled warship. The two ironclads fought for about three hours, with neither being able to inflict significant damage on the other. Near midnight, the flames reached her magazine and she exploded and sank, stern first. But why was the Battle of Gettysburg so important and is it considered to be a turning point of the war? , When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Confederate Secretary of the Navy Stephen R. Mallory was an early enthusiast for the advantages of armor.
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