The Sultanate of Gujarat remained independent until 1572, when the Mughal emperor Akbar conquered it and annexed it to the Mughal Empire. It is also the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, great iconic figures of India's Independence movement. Circa AD 570-712.  As per the districts, The Dangs has the largest area under forest cover.  The Government of Gujarat announced a 100% entertainment tax exemption for Gujarati films in 2005 and a policy of incentives in 2016. These [people] are [like] Italians in their knowledge of and dealings in merchandise ... they are men who understand merchandise; they are so properly steeped in the sound and harmony of it, that the Gujaratees say that any offence connected with merchandise is pardonable. Groundwater maintenance and preventing unnecessary loss of the available water supplies is now an issue faced by the state. Many of them go there on foot, which is particularly enriching as it happens immediately after the monsoon, when the landscape is rich with greenery, streams are full of sparkling water and the air is fresh. Mahakshatrap Rudradaman I founded the Kardamaka dynasty which ruled from Anupa on the banks of the Narmada up to the Aparanta region which bordered Punjab.  The state ranks 15th alongside Germany in a list of 142 nations worldwide: higher than several developed nations. Institutes for Engineering and Research in the area include IIT Gandhinagar, Indian Institute of Information Technology Vadodara (IIITV), Institute of Infrastructure Technology Research and Management (IITRAM), Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT) also in Gandhinagar, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology (SVNIT) and P P Savani University in Surat, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU) in Gandhinagar, Nirma University in Ahmedabad, M.S. , The state registered 12.8% agricultural growth in the last five years against the national average of 2%.. Gujarat has the third-largest population of Jains in India, following Maharashtra and Rajasthan.. International Institute of Management and Technical Studies affiliated with Gujarat Knowledge Society, European Association for Distance Learning, Association of Indian Management Schools and Ahmedabad Textile Industry's Research Association has performed globally for its higher education certification courses for working professionals. Me too, Bright Girl Success Story was first Kdrama ever watched, but first drama finished was her My Love Pattzi. The most recent discovery was Gola Dhoro. , By the 17th century, Chavuse and Baghdadi Jews had assimilated into the social world of the Surat province, later on their descendants would give rise to the Sassoons of Bombay and the Ezras of Calcutta, and other influential Indian-Jewish figures who went on to play a philanthropical role in the commercial development of 19th-century British Crown Colony of Shanghai. One other tower called GIFT Two has been finished and more towers are planned. Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque, 15th century), Ahmedabad, Gujarati is the official language of the state.  Nearly 100% of Gujarat's 18,000 villages have been connected to the electrical grid for 24-hour power to households and eight hours of power to farms, through the Jyotigram Yojana. Pilaji Gaekwad, first ruler of Gaekwad dynasty, established the control over Baroda and other parts of Gujarat. King Aji Saka, who is said to have come to Java in Indonesia in year 1 of the Saka calendar, is believed by some to be a king of Gujarat. It was during the rule of Dhruvasena Maitrak that Chinese philosopher-traveler Xuanzang/ I Tsing visited in 640 along the Silk Road. Shanti Business School in Ahmedabad is a business school offering post graduate diploma in management through corporate citizenship initiative. Jang Na Ra plays a cute and innocent country girl who often daydreams of rescuing her prince. Vikramaditya's successor Skandagupta left an inscription (450 CE) on a rock at Junagadh which gives details of the governor's repairs to the embankment surrounding Sudarshan lake after it was damaged by floods. Historically, the north was known as Anarta, the Kathiawar peninsula, "Saurastra", and the south as "Lata". Aurangzeb was a notable expansionist and was among the wealthiest of the Mughal rulers, with an annual yearly tribute of £38,624,680 (in 1690). The customs revenue of Gujarat alone in the early 1570s was nearly three times the total revenue of the whole Portuguese empire in Asia in 1586–87, when it was at its height. It aired on SBS from March 13 to May 2, 2002 on Wednesdays and Thursdays at 21:55 for 16 episodes. In Gujarat, from December through to Makar Sankranti, people start enjoying kite flying. Fantastic acting done by Jang Hyuk. In February 2019, a Bengal tiger claimed to be from Ratapani in Madhya Pradesh was spotted in the area of Lunavada in Mahisagar district, in the eastern part of the state, before being found dead later that month, likely from starvation. An epidemic outbreak in 1812 killed half the population of Gujarat.. Congress continued to govern Gujarat after the state's creation in 1960. Muslims are the biggest minority in the state accounting for 9.5% of the population. It is one of India's most prosperous states, having a per-capita GDP significantly above India's average. Drawn by the religious renaissance taking place under Akbar, Mohammed Ghaus moved to Gujarat and established spiritual centers for the Shattari Sufi order from Iran, founding the Ek Toda Mosque and producing such devotees as Wajihuddin Alvi of Ahmedabad whose many successors moved to Bijapur during the height of the Adil Shahi dynasty. Between the decline of Mauryan power and Saurashtra coming under the sway of the Samprati Mauryas of Ujjain, there was an Indo-Greek defeat in Gujarat of Demetrius.  Later, a close alliance between the Ottoman Turks and Gujarati sultans to effectively safeguard Jeddah and the Red Sea trade from Portuguese imperialism, encouraged the existence of powerful Rumi elites within the kingdom who took the post of viziers in Gujarat keen to maintain ties with the Ottoman state.  The first Indian settlements in the Philippines and Java Island of Indonesia are believed to have been established with the coming of Prince Dhruvavijaya of Gujarat, with 5000 traders. The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, is a premier university of Gujarat. Whilst the success of these was mixed throughout the country, their positive impact on the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat have been the most significant. Amul Was formed as a dairy cooperative in 1946, in the city of Anand, Gujarat. Gujarat was also the home of Mahatma Gandhi, a worldwide figure known for his non-violent struggle against British rule, and Vallabhbhai Patel, a founding father of the Republic of India. p.850, Elledge CD. Later in the 17th century, Gujarat came under control of the Hindu Maratha Empire that rose defeating the Muslim Mughals and who dominated the politics of India. In 1704, he wrote a letter to his eldest son, Muhammad Azam Shah, asking him to be kind and considerate to the people of Dahod as it was his birthplace. The three major Indian dynasties – the northwest Indian Gurjara-Pratihara Dynasty, the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty and the east Indian Pala Empire – dominated India from the 8th to 10th centuries. The population of Gujarat was 60,439,692 (31,491,260 males and 28,948,432 females) according to the 2011 census data. Sabarmati Ashram is the place where Gandhi initiated the Dandi March.  Of the total gross irrigated area, 16–17% is irrigated by government-owned canals and 83–84% by privately owned tube wells and other wells extracting groundwater, which is the predominant source of irrigation and water supply to the agricultural areas. , In the early 8th century, the Arabs of the Umayyad Caliphate established an empire in the name of the rising religion of Islam, which stretched from Spain in the west to Afghanistan and modern-day Pakistan in the east.  Gujarat ranks 21st among Indian states in human development index.  A tomb was made to the sramana, still visible in the time of Plutarch, which bore the mention "ΖΑΡΜΑΝΟΧΗΓΑΣ ΙΝΔΟΣ ΑΠΟ ΒΑΡΓΟΣΗΣ" ("The sramana master from Barygaza in India"). People with fancy wigs who look like they just came out of … During the British Raj, Gujarati businesses served to play a major role to enrich the economy of Karachi and Mumbai. This magnitude 7.7 shock killed around 20,000 people (including at least 18 in South-eastern Pakistan), injured another 167,000 and destroyed nearly 400,000 homes. Please consider a regard for the inhabitants of that town as incumbent on you. Gujarat University, Kadi Sarva Vishwavidyalaya, Sardar Patel University, Ahmedabad University, Saurashtra University, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Dharmsinh Desai University and Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University are also among reputed universities, affiliating many reputed colleges.  In the fourth Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors' Summit held at Science City, Ahmedabad, in January 2009, there were 600 foreign delegates.  The Koli forms the largest caste-cluster, comprising 24% of the total population of the state. The Sabarmati is the largest river in Gujarat followed by the Tapi. เรื่องนี้ เก่า มาก แต่เรื่องสนุก และมีสาระ Unlike many solar power projects, this one does not take up large amounts of land since the panels are constructed over the canals, and not on additional land. Gujarat produces about 98% of India's required amount of soda ash, and gives the country about 78% of the national requirement of salt. This story tells of doctors stationed in the fictional war zone of Urk, and follows the love story that develops between a surgeon, Kang Mo-yeon, and a special forces officer, Yoo Shi-jin, both elite in their respective fields. Al-Junaid, the successor of Qasim, finally subdued the Hindu resistance within Sindh and established a secure base. The Zoroastrians, also known in India as Parsi and Irani, are believed to have migrated to Gujarat to escape adverse conditions and religious persecution from Islam in Persia in order to maintain their faith and traditions. , Many Indians had migrated to Indonesia and the Philippines, most of them being Gujaratis. The conquest of the Kingdom of Gujarat marked a significant event of Akbar's reign. There are three disused airports situated at Deesa, Mandvi and Mehsana; the last serving as a flying school. Jul 8, 2019 - Explore Shireen Summer's board "Kdrama" on Pinterest.  In 1514, the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa described the cosmopolitan atmosphere of Rander known otherwise as City of Mosques in Surat province, which gained the fame and reputation of illustrious Islamic scholars, Sufi-saints, merchants and intellectuals from all over the world:. [verification needed] The three main sources of growth in Gujarat's agriculture are from cotton production, the rapid growth of high-value foods such as livestock, fruits and vegetables, and from wheat production, which saw an annual average growth rate of 28% between 2000 and 2008 (According to the International Food Policy Research Institute). @iheartme-108: What is PCAP??? 14. , In the late 8th century, the Kannauj Triangle period started. Apart from this, the GSRTC provides special bus services for festivals, industrial zones, schools, colleges and pilgrim places also buses are given on contract basis to the public for certain special occasions.. After Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India in 2014, Anandiben Patel became the first female Chief Minister of the state. The Chaulukya dynasty ruled Gujarat from c. 960 to 1243. A five-day festival is held during Maha Shivaratri at the fort of Girnar, Junagadh, known as the Bhavanth Mahadev Fair (Gujarati: ભવનાથ નો મેળો). 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