Trostler, N. (1997). Oromo translations of written material may be especially problematic because in 1991 the Oromo language was standardized to facilitate communication by individuals from different regions and aid communication in government, schools, and the media. That's because simple carbohydrates, like white bread and sugary soda, are broken down by the body into sugar, which then enters the bloodstream. Special thanks to these others who supported and contributed to this work: Mohammed Abdul-Kadir (ICHS), Dawn Corl (HMC), Bogale Demse (HMC), Tsehay Haile (HMC), Phalla Kith (HMC), Gammada Sani Abraham (HMC), Tsega Woldetatios (HMC). Today, about 34% of the population of Ethiopia and 50% of the population of Eritrea practice Islam (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Populations Census Commission, 2007; U.S. Department of State, 2008). Interviews and a literature review conducted for this project did not reveal any common folk explanations or treatments for diabetes; however, holy water and prayers remain a powerful healing force for many general health conditions in these communities. At the Eritrean health fair, most middle aged and older adults surveyed stated they prefer health education in Tigrinya. This can also be as a result of the failure of thâ¦ Many immigrants continue to eat traditional foods prepared at home and served on and eaten by hand from communal platters, though some have adopted the use of individual plates and utensils. Many thanks to Agelegle Ethiopia restaurant in Seattle for allowing us to photograph many of the foods featured in this slideshow at their wonderful restaurant. Disclaimer: EthnoMed is designed for educational purposes only and is not rendering medical advice or professional services. May 25, 2015 - Dishes from Eritrea/Ethiopia. Diabetes á¨áµá³á á áá áá¨á á¨áµá³á á á½á³ áá¨á Basics of Diabetes mellitus in Amharic The app contains basic information about diabetes mellitus for Amharic Speaking individuals. Oral medications currently available for diabetes in Eritrea, Ethiopia, and much of Africa include glibenclamide (a sulfonylurea medication used commonly in Europe, but not in the U.S) and metformin. Acculturation of younger generations brings more American influence into traditional homes. Worship in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Traditionally, injera can be made with a variety of different flours including teff ***(three varieties: white, brown, and mixed white and brown), barley, wheat, millet, sorghum and corn depending on regional recipes. Dr. Carey Jackson served as clinical advisor. This section aims to address the Islamic and Orthodox Christian practices of fasting as they relate to diabetes self-management and by no means attempts to cover the rich and complex history of these religious traditions. Like the South East Asian population, metabolic risk for type 2 diabetes can occur at a body mass index (BMI) that would be considered normal or overweight in the Caucasian population. Teff study. Injera: This flat, sour bread is the traditional staple food of Ethiopia and Eritrea. (2002). It is culturally tailored to reflect foods commonly consumed by Ethiopian and Eritrean Americans and includes photos of foods, meal comparisons, portion sizes, and some information about managing diabetes during periods of fasting. She has her client eat a typical quantity of food for lunch then check a blood sugar two hours later. Eritrean and Ethiopian community groups have organized annual health fairs to raise awareness within their communities on topics such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, HIV/AIDS, domestic violence, and other health concerns. Cultural guidance was provided by caseworker/cultural mediator Yodit Wongelemengist. 2.1K likes. Retrieved April 2, 2010 from. The most practical and familiar suggestion for older adults is to encourage more walking. Since 2013 this method has kept my sugar level always between 5.4 and 7.2 at â¦ Eritreans fleeing to neighboring countries has sharply increased in the past few years due to repression, human rights violations, and forced conscription. Diabetes prevalence is increasing in many immigrant communities that have little to no experience with chronic disease management. EatingWell's healthy Ethiopian recipes, including Kinche (cracked wheat), Gomen (Ethiopian collard greens), and Messer Wot (spiced lentils), are all you need for a delicious and authentic Ethiopian feast. A 25-pound bag of teff flour grown in Caldwell, Idaho can be purchased for around $40. Most traditional dishes are comprised of meats, legumes, and vegetables cooked into stew called wot (Amharic), tsebhi (Tigrinya) or itto (Oromo). Sellassie, S.H. Urbanization throughout the African continent has led to an increasing prevalence of typical obesity-related type 2 diabetes, associated with urban lifestyle changes including increased food quantity, reduced food quality, and low levels of activity compared to more traditional, rural lifestyles (Gill et al., 2009). Informal interviews were conducted with ten Ethiopian or Eritrean Harborview/University of Washington employees (housekeepers, patient transporters, medical assistants, and nurses). 1. Gill, G.V., Mbanya, J.C., Ramaiya, K.L., & Tesfaye, S. (2009). The “chip by chip by chip” approach can be used to illustrate the functional deficits that may occur from macrovascular damage (heart disease and stroke) or microvascular damage (renal damage, retinopathy, neuropathy, and erectile dysfunction) over time. Challenges to health care for diabetes in Africa. A modified (fish is permitted) vegan diet is followed during the entire fasting period with abstention from all animal products including meat, cheese, milk, eggs, and butter. The only Ethiopian researcher to treat Disease with food. It can be difficult to address prevention when fate is determined outside the realm of the patient’s control. Providers are encouraged to be aware of some of the overall cultural values of the community and then explore the pertinent themes as they relate to providing care for individual Eritrean and Ethiopian patients. Even if you don't have diabetes, these foods can lead to insulin resistance, which means your bâ¦ Without adequate financial, structural, and human resources, the management of acute care issues takes precedence over prevention-based interventions and chronic disease management (Whiting, Hayes, & Unwin, 2003). Aymero,W. The biggest barrier to exercise in Seattle was unanimously reported to be the weather. Disability Exception for Citizenship (N-648), Traditional Foods of the Central Ethiopian Highlands, http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/calendar.html, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/er.html, http://apha.confex.com/apha/130am/techprogram/paper_40695.htm, http://www.seattlepi.com/local/266361_eastafrican12.html, www.diabetesvoice.org/files/attachments/article_181_en.pdf, http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/ethiopian/worship.html, http://www.ethiopianorthodox.org/english/ethiopian/prechristian.html, http://www.shaebia.org/cgi-bin/artman/exec/view.cgi?archive=16&num=5225, http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/oldworld/africa/oromoculture.html, http://www.sudantribune.com/Ethiopia-Over-1000-Eritrean,36200, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9134349, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9436530, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2007/90096.htm, http://www.who.int/diabetes/currentpublications/en/. 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