Though Kerala ranked first in case of low poverty ratio, Gujarat is at 14th among Indian states with a higher 16.63 per cent but lower than the national ratio of 21.92 per cent as per Tendulkar Methodology. It depicts obviously the real picture of under-developed India which consists of BIMARU states which are flagrant for deplorable performance in many indicators.However, Gujarat and Kerala are even below the national average in some indicators. Kerala is more developed than Bihar because of human capital. ... Public Administration Daily Answer Writing Challenge For UPSC 2020. Compare Gujarat model of development with Kerala model of development. Kerala ranks first in India in all major health indicators such as life expectancy at birth (total, male and female), infant mortality rate, maternal mortality rate, fertility rate and birth rate. KERALA, MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT Modern Kerala formally emerged as a constituent state of the Indian Union on 1 November 1956, comprising three regions: Travancore, Cochin, and Malabar. Cyberdome is a technological research and development centre of Kerala Police Department, conceived as a cyber centre of excellence in cybersecurity, as well as technology augmentation for effective policing. It is characterized by achievements in social indicators such as education, healthcare, high life expectancy, low infant mortality and low birth rate, by the creation of productive social infrastructure rather than materialistic infrastructure. 9. Kerala has a long history of social sector development, which predates the coinage of the ‘Kerala Model of Development’ in the 1970s. Crime rate against women in Kerala is 62.43 in 2013 while that of Gujarat is lower i.e. Kerala model is primarily about redistribution and state-driven development. In a broad sense, the Gujarat model privileges growth and infrastructure development. Believes in bottom-up development + decentralised planning and development; Amartya Sen and Jean Drez- supported Kerala Model of Development. Community Policing for Students, adopting Student Police Cadet model of Kerala which is a school-based youth development initiative that trains high school students by inculcating in them respect for law, discipline, civic sense, empathy for vulnerable sections of … The discussions are on which model of development that India should follow. It is reinforced by the Human Development Index (HDI) position of Gujarat. Mains level : Paper 3- Post-covid development model. 11th Main Road, Shanthi Colony, Gujarat can be seen only as a “growth model”, while Kerala’s model is “human development-led growth”. Gujarat’s sustained growth & Kerala’s declining share agriculture and allied sector plays an important role in the State economy. Anna Nagar, Chennai - 600 040, Copyright ©2019 Kamaraj IAS Academy. ; A score of 100 implies that the state/ UT has achieved targets set for 2030 Biggest paradox in these models of development is the highest unemployment rate in Kerala with lowest poverty ratio and lowest unemployment rate in Gujarat with higher poverty ratio.Even though these two transverse models lead or trail in transverse indicators of development, lead the national average mostly. Kerala Model of Development took on the theory that economic growth is the only way to meet basic needs of people in poverty, to raise them above poverty, and generate employment. At that, Kerala which is blessed with top standard social indicators trails by high crime rate against women and children and suicide rate. and the State has been well ahead of the rest of the country, matching China in its Human Development Indicators in education, health, and women’s inclusion. The state achieved total literacy almost two decades back. Criticism of the Kerala Model has been based on its several failures. Conclusion. Kerala’s development and achievements on social front has been lauded in both national and international circles. For more questions on the topic of Kerala Model of Development refer Brilliance College : KAS Rank File. Kerala Model praised on women centered development shown by female-dominated sex ratio, enrolment in higher education and life expectancy comparable to developed countries is entirely set down in ensuring safety to its mother community. The Linguistic Reorganization Committee, which recommended the reorganization of India's states based on the majority's common language, created modern Kerala … Ans: the Human Development Index (HDI ) by , the United Nations from 1990. Who said this "Though Kerala is mostly a land of paddy-covered plains, statistically Kerala stands out as the Mount Everest of social development; there's truly no place like it. As is well-known, right from the 60s and 70s, the United Nations and international development agencies have praised the Kerala model of development. As per the National Human Development Report of India, which of the following India states ranked top in the list of consumption based HDI for the year 2014-15? Crime rate against women in Kerala is 62.43 in 2013 while that of Gujarat is lower i.e. 42.63. Infrastructure development for sustained growth Power Sector Gujarat is clearly the power house of India with 16 per cent of India’s installed capacity while that of Kerala is nominal with mere one per cent in 2015. This ‘Made in Kerala’ model can be implemented across India, if it is done with the same secular and gender-sensitive spirit. Historically, the rulers of Kerala, namely, rulers of Travancore and Cochin had an enlightened outlook towards health and education of their subjects. Gujarat, a high-income state in the country is a step ahead to Kerala in income per capita. 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